Botany is the scientific study of plant life. As a branch of biology, it is also called plant science(s), Phytology, or plant biology. Botany may be defined as the science of plants.
The word 'Botany' owes its origin from the greek words 'bous (meaning cattle), 'bouskein' (making food for cattle i.e. fodder) or 'botane' (meaning herb or plant). Hence botany in general is the study of herbs plants.
Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study plants, algae, including: structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, and chemical properties and evolutionary relationships between the different groups.
The study of plants and botany began with tribal lore, used to identify edible, medicinal and poisonous plants, making botany one of the oldest sciences. From this ancient interest in plants, the scope of botany has increased to include the study of over 550,000 kinds or species of living organisms.
SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE OF BOTANY
As with other life forms in biology, plant life can be studied from different perspectives, from the molecular, genetic and biochemical level through organelles, cells, tissues, organs, individuals, plant populations, and communities of plants. At each of these levels a botanist might be concerned with the classification (taxonomy), structure (anatomy and morphology), or function (physiology) of plant life.
Historically, Botany covers all organisms that were not considered to be animals. Some of these "plant-like" organisms include fungi (studied in mycology), bacteria and viruses (studied in microbiology), and algae (studied in phycology). Most algae, fungi, and microbes are no longer considered to be in the plant kingdom. However, attention is still given to them by botanists, and bacteria, fungi, and algae are usually covered in introductory botany courses.
The study of plants has importance for a number of reasons. Plants are a fundamental part of life on Earth. They generate the oxygen, food, fibers, fuel and medicine that allow higher life forms to exist. Plants also absorb carbon dioxide through photosynthesis, a minor greenhouse gas that in large amounts can affect global climate. It is believed that the evolution of plants has changed the global atmosphere of the earth early in the earth's history and pale botanists study ancient plants in the fossil record. A good understanding of plants is crucial to the future of human societies.
*Produce food to feed an expanding population
* Understand fundamental life processes
* Produce medicine and materials to treat diseases and other ailments
* Understand environmental changes more clearly
Introduction to Department Of Botany
The Department of Botany was established in 1990, presently conducting under graduate Programmes. The Department has Credits of holding number of Seminars, Conferences and Workshops. Various research project funded by UGC and BCUD-S.P Pune University have been successfully Completed, i.e Major and Minor Research Projects.
The department also known for its multidisciplinary Characters and has earn reorganization for Its Standard of teaching and research.
Three Faculty members have been completed their research work i.e. Ph.D work and also publish research papers in standard National and International journals. The department is also participated in various social and cultural activities.
The departmental alumni highlighted their impressions in various fields like Education, social political and environmental etc.
The Department is participated in various activities of the Institutes-
The Highlighted activates are as follows
Awards and Achievements